Varicose veins of the lower limbs, are expansions or tortuosity of the superficial veins, which are not only an aesthetic problem but produces symptoms such as pain, fatigue, heaviness, swelling of the legs and generally a "discomfort" in the legs, especially in the afternoon.
Varicose veins are caused by heredity, hormonal treatments, pregnancy, obesity, sedentary lifestyle (activities in which you are standing for long time periods). Injuries and infections of the veins (phlebitis), are also a trigger of varicose veins. Obesity, wearing tight and weightlifting exercises garments, increase venous pressure at the pelvis, which is associated with weakness of the vein walls, trigger the appearance of varicose veins.
Troncular Veins: Are large venous dilation or winding prominences, which occur as a result of damage to the valves of the main superficial venous trunks (saphenous veins: Great and minor).
Reticular Veins: Are dilated veins, of the skin and fat (subcutaneous cellular tissue) "Blue" that may be related or not with main veins and can "feed" or not, spider veins.
Spider veins: Are the smaller veins of the skin. Some are "blue" and "red" depending on your communication with venous or arterial capillary system, and main veins or perforator vein.
Sclerotherapy involves injecting a substance (liquid or foam), within the lumen of the vein irritating to its inner wall, and with the compression of it, produce the abutment (union) of the walls, causing the disappearance of the vein. This treatment is indicated in small veins, smaller than 3 mm in diameter, which are the reticular veins and spider veins. In the Centro Laser de Enfermedades Venosas we use the help of a magnifying glass and a trans illuminator, to improve the vision of the veins to be treated. Patients occasionally report a very slight burning sensation at the site of injection that goes spontaneously after a few minutes. "Bruises" usually occur at sites of puncture, which fade after 6 days approximately with medicated creams and the injected vein disappears. Sometimes is needed more than one injection to achieve the same vein disappears. The number of sessions of sclerotherapy depends of the amount of veins and blood vessels that the patient has and how well he/she response to treatment
There are some types of veins in the legs called perforator veins that connected the superficial system to the deep veins of the system. Sometimes these veins are the cause of superficial varicose veins, the changes of coloration of the skin and even skin ulcers. In the older days, damage of the veins was corrected with big disabling surgeries, and with large incisions to link perforating veins. Currently in the Centro Laser de Enfermedades Venosas we treat these veins with sclerotherapy, foam and under ultrasound guidance (ultrasound), fully ambulatory procedure, without disability and achieving higher results than the conventional surgery.
This procedure involves removing varicose veins under local anesthesia with 2 mm incisions that leave virtually no scars, and does not require incapacity.
Treatment of varicose veins with laser with diode is performed with laser fiber into the vein (Endoluminal). This procedure is done through a puncture (No incisions) in the saphenous vein affected (Great or Minor), with local anesthesia (around the vein) producing the closing of the vein and its subsequent disappearance. (This is the same effect of surgery in which it is extracted, but without the trauma, or disability that it represents). For this procedure the aid of ultrasound is required to visualize the veins, the laser fiber into the vein, the placement of anesthesia around the vein, and the immediate effect of closing the vein that is produce by the laser.